Message to the community on the Repeal of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program

Dear Members of the Harvard Community,

Today’s announcement of the elimination, in six months, of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program represents a course of action that challenges some of the most foundational values of our nation and American higher education.

This cruel policy recognizes neither justice nor mercy. In the months to come, we will make every effort to have our voice heard, in the halls of Congress and elsewhere, about the need for the protections of DACA to continue. I write today to share information on available resources and, once again, to affirm the University’s strong commitment to supporting individuals who may be affected by these changes.

I recognize that this is a time of anxiety and frustration for the members of our community who are undocumented, many of whom have known no home country other than the United States. These individuals contribute to our community in outstanding and innumerable ways, and we are dedicated, at this time of deep uncertainty, to ensuring their inclusion and full engagement with university life.

Our deans of students and student services staff members across the University have begun reaching out to affected students. The Harvard Immigration and Refugee Clinical Program (HIRC) at Harvard Law School, which hired a full-time attorney to provide legal services to undocumented members of our community with support from my office earlier this year, will continue to offer legal and advising resources, as well as social work support, to those seeking guidance or counsel. HIRC has also established a 24/7 hotline for DACA and undocumented members of the community to call in case of emergency. The University has developed a list of immigration lawyers willing to consider pro bono cases to supplement these services, also available through an HIRC advisor.

Recognizing the anxiety and disruption brought by months of uncertainty, HUHS’s Counseling and Mental Health Services will be continuing a weekly support group started last semester in addition to offering individual counseling services.

All of these services and related contact information can be found on the University-wide Undocumented at Harvard website we have developed to provide a central resource to students and administrators seeking information or guidance.

As I have outlined in previous communications to the Harvard community, the University will maintain its existing financial aid policies, which provide funding to students without reference to immigration status, and the Harvard University Police Department—which is not involved in the enforcement of federal immigration laws—will maintain its practice of not inquiring about the immigration status of students, staff, or faculty.

Harvard has long advocated in Washington, DC, for these vulnerable students, and we will continue to work tirelessly at the federal level to advance our arguments. In a letter last week to President Trump, I pressed him to preserve the DACA protections, and today I have written to leaders in both the Senate and House of Representatives to urge that Congress resolve this issue legislatively, whether through the DREAM Act or the BRIDGE Act, which are designed to preserve DACA status for eligible young people and would allow them to continue academic pursuits, service in the military, or work after graduation while giving Congress time to enact a long-term solution. Both of these bills have drawn bipartisan support.

These young people, like their peers, aspire to be leaders and innovators in public service, law, science, medicine, and the arts, as well as in business, education, and other industries. Through dedication and hard work, they have earned a place to study, learn, and grow at Harvard. As a university community dedicated to inclusion and to the promise of creative minds, and as a nation founded on the ideals of equality and opportunity, it is our responsibility to defend their ability to develop and share their talents in their home communities, in our country, and with the world.

Sincerely,
Drew Faust

Future Home: Harvard HouseZero

The Harvard Center for Green Buildings and Cities (CGBC) will retrofit its headquarters, a pre-1940s house in Cambridge, MA, into an ultra-efficient, healthy, positive energy structure. Targeting the most rigorous efficiency standards ever achieved by a building retrofit, HouseZero has the following performance goals:

  1. Almost zero energy required for heating and cooling
  2. 100% natural ventilation
  3. 100% daylight autonomy
  4. Zero carbon emissions, including embodied energy in materials

HouseZero will model a healthy indoor environment with natural light, pleasing acoustics, and zero off gassing materials. Designed to be durable, functional, flexible, comfortable, and connected to its natural environment, the house will promote well-being and worker productivity.

IMPACT

This demonstration project attempts to address the global environmental challenge of climate change by focusing on inefficient existing buildings, which account for vast amounts of energy use and carbon pollution worldwide.

While numerous new buildings have achieved net-zero or positive-energy performance goals, the retrofit potential of the current U.S. building stock has not been thoroughly explored. As such, the CGBC intends to demonstrate that by coupling current technologies with better design, retrofits of our existing building stock can, indeed, achieve rigorous energy efficiency goals.

By retrofitting the current residential building stock in the United States to achieve even some of HouseZero’s radical efficiency standards, we can achieve significant energy savings, which will translate into billions of dollars in savings per year.

Some of HouseZero’s upgrades are solely required to transform the house into a functional office for up to 40 researchers and staff, but most enhancements to the existing house are viewed through the lens of the home renovation market. The CGBC believes that the best ideas should be transferable to other homeowners as a recipe for significant energy and carbon use improvements to their existing structures without costly or wasteful teardowns.

While a homeowner may not be able to implement every aspect of HouseZero, applying one or more of its components could positively impact its environment, the health of its occupants, and building operating costs.

DESIGN

Rather than approaching the house as a “sealed box,” the building envelope and materials of HouseZero are designed to interact with the seasons and the exterior environment in a more natural way. Much like a layered approach to clothing, the house is meant to adjust itself seasonally, and even daily, to reach thermal comfort targets.

We will fully replace the HVAC system using a different paradigm which relies on additions of thermal mass and radiant surfaces throughout the house. A geothermal heat pump will also be installed for peak (extreme) conditions. Natural ventilation will be used to adjust heating and cooling needs throughout the house as required and other materials will help to control fluctuations in humidity by naturally absorbing and releasing moisture in the air.

Artificial lighting will not be used during daylight hours because the design of the house is optimized to maximize daylight use and passive solar practices in each space. In other words, whenever daylight is available outside, natural daylight will be provided inside the building.

Solar strategies will be employed to protect direct sun during peak summer loading periods, take in the maximum amount of indirect solar (all seasons) and allow direct winter sun to penetrate the interior of the house to a maximum depth. HouseZero uses materials that are all typically low-impact, and recyclable wherever possible with extremely low life-cycle costs.

Both FBA & FBM

Greetings from Amazon Seller Support.

This is Rita again with Amazon Seller Support, the specialist you spoke with just now over the phone. Thank you for allowing me the opportunity to assist you.

As a summary of our conversation, we have confirmed that you may list the items listed as Fulfilled by Amazon be as Fulfilled by Merchant/Seller as well. Just make sure that they have the same ASIN.

We really appreciate your patience and understanding on this matter. We are always here ready to assist you!

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하버드·예일 입학 백인·부유층 여전히 유리

신입생 절반 이상 백인…아시안 23~25%
6명 중 1명 연소득 50만불 이상 부유층

하버드·예일 등 아이비리그 주요 대학의 올해 신입생 통계를 분석한 결과 백인 및 부유층 학생들이 명문대 입학에 유리한 현실이 여전한 것으로 드러났다.

하버드대 교지 ‘하버드크림슨’과 예일대 교지 ‘예일데일리뉴스’가 최근 발표한 2017~2018학년도 신입생 통계를 분석한 결과 두 학교 모두 백인 비율이 절반을 차지했다. 또 신입생 약 6명 중 1명은 연소득 50만 달러가 넘는 부유층 가정 출신으로 나타났다.

하버드대 올 신입생 중 아시안 비율은 23.8%로 나타났다. 지난 2013년 25.2%를 기록하는 등 최근 5년간 아시안 비율은 23~26%선을 유지하고 있다.

반면 백인 학생은 올해 신입생의 52.1%를 차지했다. 지난 2013년 신입생의 백인 비율인 61.2% 보다는 줄었지만 여전히 과반 이상이다.

예일대 신입생의 인종 비율은 하버드대와 놀랍도록 비슷하다. 백인이 전체 신입생의 절반을 차지하고 있으며 아시안은 25%로 나타났다. 흑인은 9%로 하버드의 9.7%와 비슷하며 히스패닉도 12%로 하버드의 10.8%와 큰 차이가 없다.

부유층 자녀 비율이 높은 것도 두 대학 신입생 통계의 공통점이다. 하버드대의 경우 신입생의 60%가 연소득 12만5000달러가 넘는 가정 출신이다. 연소득 50만 달러가 넘는 학생 비율은 17.1%로 6명 중 1명꼴이다. 이는 연소득 4만 달러 미만 학생 비율인 12% 보다 높은 것이다.

예일대는 신입생의 54.5%가 연소득 13만5000달러가 넘는 가정 출신이다. 연소득50만 달러 이상인 학생은 약 15%로 조사됐다. 이에 반해 연소득 6만5000달러 미만 저소득층 가정의 학생은 18.3%에 불과했다.

아이비리그 등 명문대에서 신입생 선발 시 백인·부유층 학생을 우대한다는 주장이 끊이지 않고 있다. 이 때문에 상대적으로 성적이 우수한 아시안 학생이 차별을 받고 있다는 비판도 거세다. 지난 2014년 비영리단체 ‘스튜던츠 포 페어 어드미션스’가 하버드대 입학 전형에서 아시안 학생을 의도적으로 차별했다며 연방법원에 제기한 소송이 현재 진행 중에 있으며 지난달 초 연방 법무부도 하버드대의 아시안 학생 차별에 대한 조사 방침을 밝힌 바 있다.

하버드대 올해 신입생 통계에서는 ‘동문 자녀 특례 입학 (Legacy Admission)’이 부유층에 집중되고 있는 현실도 재확인됐다. 연소득 50만 달러 이상인 학생의 경우 46%가 부모 중 최소 1명이 하버드 동문이라고 밝혔다. 반면 연소득 8만 달러 이하인 학생의 경우 4.3% 만이 부모 중 최소 1명이 하버드 동문이라고 밝혔다.

또한 연소득 50만 달러 이상인 경우 무려 76.7%가 경쟁률이 상대적으로 덜한 조기전형을 통해 선발됐다. 연소득 4만 달러 미만인 학생의 경우 조기전형을 통한 합격은 26.2%에 불과했다.